Heat, rain, mosquitoes, and other bugs can ruin the best of holidays. While summer is the season of vacations, barbeques, and nights out with friends, allergies, bug bites, sunburn, and upset stomach are common during the summer months.
The sun rays can cause UV damage and skin cancer. UV rays are harmful in that they make the body more susceptible to diseases such as basal cell and squamous cell cancer and melanoma. In fact, UV rays, whether indoors or outdoors, account for more than 90 percent of radiation. You need to protect your skin year round but even more so during the summer months. It is not possible and practical (for that matter) to avoid sunlight completely, but there are some things you can do to protect your kids and yourself. Always wear sunglasses to protect the skin around your eyes (and your eyes). Wear a hat and shirt to limit the exposure to harmful UV rays. Slop on sunscreen as well.
Mosquito and bug bites are a serious problem during the summer months. You need to protect yourself against arthropods and insects such as ticks, fleas, and mosquitoes. You can use a repellent that contains an active ingredient like oil of lemon eucalyptus. Apply sunscreen first. Avoid applying repellent to your mouth area, eyes, and hands. There are other things to do to prevent mosquito bites. You should cover your hands, feet, and face by wearing a hat, long pants, and long-sleeved shirts and blouses. If you are camping and sleeping outdoors, you may want to use a bed net to protect yourself against bugs.
Many people suffer from allergies during the summer. Some of the worst offenders are weeds and grasses such as tumbleweed, red top, and Russian thistle. Symptoms include dark under-eye circles, itchy nose and eyes, coughing, sneezing, and others. Physicians recommend using nasal spray decongestants, nasal drops, and other over-the-counter treatments. In some cases, prescription medications are required, depending on severity and other factors. Call 911 in case of a severe allergic reaction (for example, to insect bites and stings).